Can Bed Bugs Fly And Jump | Insect Vector Diseases

bed bugs

Photo-Wright Patterson

Can Bed Bugs Fly And Jump???

Ever wonder if bed bugs can fly and jump? Well, wonder no more…

Bed bugs have six legs with two antennas. Adult bed bugs are tiny oval-shaped reddish-brown measuring in between 1-7mm. Baby bed bugs called nymphs are smaller and harder to see with the naked eye. They are a darkish color after they feed. They are bloodsuckers that have to crawl to receive their meals. Bed bugs do not have the capability to fly or jump.

You may be getting bite by a tiny insect that is jumping it may be a flea. Fleas are about 3mm brownish reddish tiny flat insects with hair on their bodies. They are wingless with six long legs that have the capability to jump.

flea

Flea Scanning Electron Micrograph False Color, CDC Image/Janice Haney Carr

Are you getting bite by a flying bug? It may be a mosquito, or it could be little tiny bugs called no-see-ums. Other than other insects like flying bees that sting. Mosquitoes tend to bite during the early evening and night hours. During the day they tend to hide in spots that will protect them from the sun from dehydrating.

They are active during warm seasons and they are located pretty much almost everywhere you go except for Iceland. How they survive during winter differs by species. As temperatures begin to drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Female mosquitoes lay their final eggs in water-holding places where there is at least a half of inch of water. Adult mosquitoes eventually die off. Their eggs go through a state of the process of development during the coldest months.

No-see-ums and biting midges are in between 1-3mm in size. They come from the family of Ceratopogonidae with more than 5,000 species around the world except for Arctic and Antarctic. They have four stages of life egg, larva, pupa, and imago which all happen within 2 to 6 weeks. Females need a blood meal so they can develop eggs which hatch after 2 to 7 days. After going through their stages they begin to fly. Their lifespan as an adult is 2 to 7 weeks. They bite early mornings, and rarely throughout the day.

 

 

Flying Insect Diseases

Mosquito Disease List

Mosquito

Mosquito-borne illnesses and diseases are diseases that are originated by parasites, viruses, and bacteria.

  • Zika Fever: Symptoms include fever, red eyes, headache, joint pain, and maculopapular rash. Mothers who have the Zika virus and pass it to the child during pregnancy may cause the baby to have microcephaly or other malformations.
  • La Cross Encephalitis: Symptoms may include nausea, headaches, seizures, coma, paralysis, and permanent brain damage in severe cases.
  • Rift Valley Fever: Symptoms include fever, muscle pain, and headaches that last up to a week. Significant symptoms include sight loss within the first 3 weeks of infection. Brain infections that cause serious headaches and confusion. And within the first few days of bleeding liver issues.
  • West Nile Virus: Most individuals infected have no symptoms or only minor symptoms such as fever and headaches. Most symptoms of the West Nile virus go away on their own. But some individuals develop life-threatening sickness to the virus that involves spinal cord or brain inflammation. Individuals need instant attention if they show serious signs and symptoms such as serious headaches, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness.
  • Dengue: Symptoms of dengue may start within 3 to 14 days of infection. Symptoms include sudden elevated fever, muscle and joint pain, vomiting, nausea, headache, mild bleeding and skin rashes that appear two to five days after a fever has started.
  • Chikungunya: Symptoms of chikungunya include fever and joint pain, typically occurring two to twelve days after exposure. Other symptoms may include headache and muscle pain, pain in the joint and swelling, and rash. In general, symptoms enhance within a week. But it can last for months to years with joint pain.
  • Malaria: Symptoms of malaria consist of fever, fatigue, headaches, and vomiting. It can trigger yellow skin, seizures, coma, or death in serious instances. Symptoms generally start 10 to 15 days after an infected by a mosquito bite.
  • Yellow Fever: This illness is typically a short-lived viral disease. Symptoms of yellow fever usually consist of loss of appetite, nausea, muscle pain, fever, chills, liver failure, hemorrhage, kidney failure, and jaundice.
  • Keystone Virus: Causes minor symptoms such as rash, fever and brain inflammation.
  • Ross River Virus: Most people especially children who become infected with virus usually have little to no symptoms. People who are older most likely are the ones that suffer the most from this virus. Symptoms usually include fever, chills, swollen lymph nodes, headache, joint pain and stiffness, fatigue and rash. The most distinctive part about this infection is that it affects the joints. Within 6 weeks symptoms usually disappear. In some cases, symptoms come & go for 2 years.
  • Barmah Forest Fever: Arthralgia, fever, malaise, and muscular tenderness are generally symptoms. Most individuals recover within a few weeks, but in severe instances up to a year, some continue to have symptoms for months.
  • Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis: Adults infected with the virus may experience symptoms such as elevated fevers and headaches that are flu-like. People with weakened immune systems and who are young and old can get seriously sick or die as a result of this disease.
  • Filariasis: Most instances are without symptoms. Long-term lymph node system will cause swelling in legs, arms, and genitalia. It will also increase the risk of frequent bacterial infections that harden and thicken the skin.
  • Tularemia: Symptoms of tularemia may include ulcers of the skin, fever, enlarged lymph nodes, sometimes a form that results in infection with pneumonia or throat.
  • Japanese Encephalitis: resulting in few or no symptoms, symptoms may include headache, vomiting, fever, confusion, and seizures after 5 to 15 days of infection and occasional inflammation of the brain.
  • Saint Louis Encephalitis: Symptoms are usually elevated fever, headache, stiffness of the throat, coma,  disorientation, tremors, and seizures. Older people can greatly be affected by the infection.
  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis: Typical symptoms of the disease are systemic or encephalitic depending on a person’s age. It is possible that some people will not develop any symptoms. Other symptoms include cyanosis, coma, convulsions, irritability, restlessness, fever, headache, diarrhea, and vomiting. A third of people with this disease die and those who recover are left disabled.
  • Western Equine Encephalitis: Some people who are infected with this disease will never become sick. You get a mild infection of the disease you will usually have a headache and fever. More severe symptoms include high fever, stiff neck, confusion, coma, shaking, seizures, and paralysis. You are older it increases your chances of developing severe disease.

No-See-Ums & Biting Midges Diseases

No-See-Um/biting Midge

Note: There are some diseases that aren’t listed below such as bluetongue disease, African horse sickness, epizootic hemorrhagic disease.

  • Mansonella Ozzaroli: Adult worms that live in body cavities and their human host appears to be causing little or no damage to the mesentery. Infected individuals have rarely been reported to have clinical symptoms. Symptoms include pruritus, skin eruptions, symptoms of lung disease, inflamed lymph nodes, enlarged liver, enlarged lymph nodes, headaches, joint pain, cold, feet, and mild fever.
  • Mansonella Perstans: Is a vector-borne nematode of human filarium transmitted by tiny blood-sucking flies called midges. Mansonella perstans is a couple of filarial nematodes that is relatively mild in human infections that cause serous cavity filariasis. Some symptoms are abdominal pain, fatigue, arthralgia, headache, itchiness, pruritus rash, exhaustion, and fever.
  • Mansonella Streptocerca: Is one of three nematodes of filarium causing subcutaneous filariasis in humans. The other two filarial nematodes are (Loa loa African eyeworm) and onchocerca volvulus (river blindness). Infection generally consists of small to no symptoms, but due to the lack of nodules, it can trigger mild thorax and shoulders dermatitis.

Flea Diseases In Humans

Flea

Fleas do not seem to be threatening, but they sometimes transmit the disease to both animals and people. Usually, humans get (Maurine typhus) from a flea bite when the flea bites at the same moment they defect. Rickettsia typhi gets into the body through a human scratching the bite causing an infection, It also can be breathed in, or get into the eyes. Symptoms are usually nausea, headache, rash, vomiting, coughing, body aches and muscle pain, no appetite, fevers, and chills.

Cat scratch disease is a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria of Bartonella henselae. Infections generally happen after getting scratched by a cat. Symptoms appear 1-3 weeks after exposure. Symptoms include fever, enlarged lymph nodes not far from scratch site, blisters and pus at the scratch site, fatigue, headaches, and body aches.

tapeworms

 

 

Tapeworms: Dipylidium caninum is the most prevalent tapeworm that impacts dogs and cats. These worms belong to a distinct family part than hookworms and roundworms. In order for a human to become infected the flea must be digested, the most common way to get tapeworms is by eating meat that is raw and not fully cooked. Tapeworm eggs can also be passed by infected feces. People who do not wash their hands after bathroom use can pass the tapeworm egg unknowingly to others especially during food and drink preparation. Symptoms of tapeworms may include gain or loss of appetite, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, mineral and vitamin deficiencies, weight loss, inflammation of the intestine, tapeworm in bowels, sleeping difficulties and weakness. Severe symptoms may include convulsions, blocked intestine, and damage to the heart, brain, eyes, and liver.

Do Bedbugs Carry Diseases?

Although bed bugs are a severe nuisance, they are not known to transmit any diseases. Many bacterias can be found in bed bugs, but none are known to be passed on to people. There is one disease called Chagas Disease that may be a concern that bed bugs may carry and transmit to people. Chagas disease is triggered by a Trypanosoma cruzi parasite that is transferred by insect vectors to livestock and humans. In the Latin Americas, the disease is usually found only where poverty is widespread. Chagas disease is caused by insects triatomine bugs are also known as kissing bugs, other ways you can get the disease include mom to baby, lab exposure, food that’s not fully cooked contaminated with feces, organ transplants, and blood transfusions.

No symptoms may be present if one is to develop symptoms appear it may include mild symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, fatigue, rash, headaches, fever, and loss of appetite. More severe symptoms include abdominal pain, heart failure, cardiac arrest, and enlarged esophagus. All these symptoms may last a lifetime.

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